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|Title:||Modulation of tumor necrosis factor apoptosis-inducing ligand- induced NF-kappa B activation by inhibition of apical caspases.|
|Citation:||J BIOL CHEM, 2001, 276 (37), pp. 34743-34752|
|Abstract:||Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of the TNF family, induces apoptosis in many transformed cells. We report TRAIL-induced NF-kappaB activation, concomitant with production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-8 in the relatively TRAIL-insensitive cell line, HEK293. In contrast, TRAIL-induced NF-kappaB activation occurred in HeLa cells only upon pretreatment with the caspase inhibitor, benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-(OMe) fluoromethyl ketone (z-VAD.fmk), indicating that this was due to a caspase-sensitive component of TRAIL-induced NF-kappaB activation. NF-kappaB activation was mediated by the death receptors, TRAIL-R1 and -R2, but not by TRAIL-R3 or -R4 and was only observed in HeLa cells in the presence of z-VAD.fmk. Receptor-interacting protein, an obligatory component of TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation, was cleaved during TRAIL-induced apoptosis. We show that receptor-interacting protein is recruited to the native TRAIL death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) and that recruitment is enhanced in the presence of z-VAD.fmk, thus providing an explanation for the potentiation of TRAIL-induced NF-kappaB activation by z-VAD.fmk in TRAIL-sensitive cell lines. Examination of the TRAIL DISC in sensitive and resistant cells suggests that a high ratio of c-FLIP to caspase-8 may partially explain cellular resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Sensitivity to TRAIL-induced apoptosis was also modulated by inhibition or activation of NF-kappaB. Thus, in some contexts, modulation of NF-kappaB activation possibly at the level of apical caspase activation at the DISC may be a key determinant of sensitivity to TRAIL-induced apoptosis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry|
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