Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Binding of the AVR4 elicitor of Cladosporium fulvum to chitotriose units is facilitated by positive allosteric protein-protein interactions: the chitin-binding site of AVR4 represents a novel binding site on the folding scaffold shared between the invertebrate and the plant chitin-binding domain.
Authors: van den Burg HA
Spronk, CA
Boeren, S
Kennedy, MA
Vissers, JP
Vuister, GW
de Wit PJ
Vervoort, J
First Published: 16-Apr-2004
Citation: J BIOL CHEM, 2004, 279 (16), pp. 16786-16796
Abstract: The attack of fungal cell walls by plant chitinases is an important plant defense response to fungal infection. Anti-fungal activity of plant chitinases is largely restricted to chitinases that contain a noncatalytic, plant-specific chitin-binding domain (ChBD) (also called Hevein domain). Current data confirm that the race-specific elicitor AVR4 of the tomato pathogen Cladosporium fulvum can protect fungi against plant chitinases, which is based on the presence of a novel type of ChBD in AVR4 that was first identified in invertebrates. Although these two classes of ChBDs (Hevein and invertebrate) are sequentially unrelated, they share structural homology. Here, we show that the chitin-binding sites of these two classes of ChBDs have different topologies and characteristics. The K(D), DeltaH, and DeltaS values obtained for the interaction between AVR4 and chito-oligomers are comparable with those obtained for Hevein. However, the binding site of AVR4 is larger than that of Hevein, i.e. AVR4 interacts strictly with chitotriose, whereas Hevein can also interact with the monomer N-acetylglucosamine. Moreover, binding of additional AVR4 molecules to chitin occurs through positive cooperative protein-protein interactions. By this mechanism AVR4 is likely to effectively shield chitin on the fungal cell wall, preventing the cell wall from being degraded by plant chitinases.
DOI Link: 10.1074/jbc.M312594200
ISSN: 0021-9258
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.