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|Title:||Tumor necrosis factor-alpha differentially regulates the expression of proinflammatory genes in human airway smooth muscle cells by activation of interferon-beta-dependent CD38 pathway.|
|Citation:||MOL PHARMACOL, 2004, 66 (2), pp. 322-329|
|Abstract:||Recent evidence suggests that CD38, an ectoenzyme that converts NAD(+) to cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPr), may play a role in cytokine-induced airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell hyper-responsiveness, a key feature associated with chronic asthma. In the present study, we investigated the major signaling pathways by which tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) induces CD38 expression and its role in regulating gene expression in human ASM cells. Using flow cytometry analyses, TNFalpha enhanced CD38 expression in a manner that was time-(0-24 h), concentration-(0.1-40 ng/ml), and protein synthesis-(cycloheximide blockade) dependent. A selective agonistic antibody against tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) 1 also augmented CD38 expression, whereas anti-TNFR2 antagonistic antibody did not prevent the TNFalpha response. Inhibition of the Janus activated kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription pathways using the soluble inhibitor 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-9-fluoro-3,6-dihydro-7H-benz-[h]imidaz[4,5-f]isoquinolin-7-one (DBI) or with neutralizing antibody against interferon beta (IFNbeta) completely abrogated TNFalpha-induced CD38 expression at both protein and mRNA levels. Combining TNFalpha (0.1 and 1 ng/ml) and IFNbeta (100 IU/ml) at concentrations alone that had little effect on CD38 expression induced a robust synergistic induction of CD38 mRNA and protein levels. 8-Bromo-cADPr, a cADPr antagonist, significantly augmented TNFalpha-induced interleukin-6 secretion, whereas regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted secretion was suppressed. 8-Bromo-cADPr, however, did not affect TNFalpha-induced cell surface expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Our study is the first to demonstrate that IFNbeta-dependent activation of CD38 pathway is a novel component by which TNFalpha differentially regulates the expression of inflammatory genes in ASM cells.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation|
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