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Title: Caspase-7 is directly activated by the approximately 700-kDa apoptosome complex and is released as a stable XIAP-caspase-7 approximately 200-kDa complex.
Authors: Twiddy, D
Cohen, GM
Macfarlane, M
Cain, K
First Published: 17-Feb-2006
Citation: J BIOL CHEM, 2006, 281 (7), pp. 3876-3888
Abstract: MCF-7 cells lack caspase-3 but undergo mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis via caspase-7 activation. It is assumed that the Apaf-1-caspase-9 apoptosome processes caspase-7 in an analogous manner to that described for caspase-3. However, this has not been validated experimentally, and we have now characterized the caspase-7 activating apoptosome complex in MCF-7 cell lysates activated with dATP/cytochrome c. Apaf-1 oligomerizes to produce approximately 1.4-MDa and approximately 700-kDa apoptosome complexes, and the latter complex directly cleaves/activates procaspase-7. This approximately 700-kDa apoptosome complex, which is also formed in apoptotic MCF-7 cells, is assembled by rapid oligomerization of Apaf-1 and followed by a slower process of procaspase-9 recruitment and cleavage to form the p35/34 forms. However, procaspase-9 recruitment and processing are accelerated in lysates supplemented with caspase-3. In lysates containing very low levels of Smac and Omi/HtrA2, XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) binds tightly to caspase-9 in the apoptosome complex, and as a result caspase-7 processing is abrogated. In contrast, in MCF-7 lysates containing Smac and Omi/HtrA2, active caspase-7 is released from the apoptosome and forms a stable approximately 200-kDa XIAP-caspase-7 complex, which apparently does not contain cIAP1 or cIAP2. Thus, in comparison to caspase-3-containing cells, XIAP appears to have a more significant antiapoptotic role in MCF-7 cells because it directly inhibits caspase-7 activation by the apoptosome and also forms a stable approximately 200-kDa complex with active caspase-7.
DOI Link: 10.1074/jbc.M507393200
ISSN: 0021-9258
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Biochemistry

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