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Title: The expression of parathyroid hormone messenger RNA in normal and abnormal parathyroid tissue.
Authors: Kendall, CH
Roberts, PA
Pringle, JH
Lauder, I
First Published: Oct-1991
Citation: J PATHOL, 1991, 165 (2), pp. 111-118
Abstract: The distribution and expression of preproparathyroid hormone (PTH) mRNA were investigated in parathyroid tissue from 57 parathyroidectomy specimens. PTH mRNA was detected by in situ hybridization using digoxigenin-labelled oligonucleotide probes. Cell morphology was seen to correlate with PTH mRNA expression. Strong expression of PTH mRNA was confined to cells which on haematoxylin and eosin staining had large vesicular nuclei. These included both vacuolated and non-vacuolated cells. Chief cells with small dark nuclei and scanty cytoplasm had little or no expression. In both adenoma and chief cell hyperplasia, the striking difference from normal was the greatly increased proportion of cells expressing PTH mRNA. In adenomas, the rim of uninvolved parathyroid tissue showed PTH mRNA expression similar to that of normal parathyroid. In hyperplasia, there was frequently concordance of staining within individual nodules. The findings establish morphological criteria for activity of parathyroid tissue and support current concepts of the different pathogenesis of hyperplasia and adenoma. The expression of PTH mRNA in oxyphil change and parathyroid carcinoma was also investigated.
DOI Link: 10.1002/path.1711650205
ISSN: 0022-3417
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine

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