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Title: Physiology and pathology of eye-head coordination.
Authors: Proudlock, FA
Gottlob, I
First Published: Sep-2007
Citation: PROG RETIN EYE RES, 2007, 26 (5), pp. 486-515
Abstract: Human head movement control can be considered as part of the oculomotor system since the control of gaze involves coordination of the eyes and head. Humans show a remarkable degree of flexibility in eye-head coordination strategies, nonetheless an individual will often demonstrate stereotypical patterns of eye-head behaviour for a given visual task. This review examines eye-head coordination in laboratory-based visual tasks, such as saccadic gaze shifts and combined eye-head pursuit, and in common tasks in daily life, such as reading. The effect of the aging process on eye-head coordination is then reviewed from infancy through to senescence. Consideration is also given to how pathology can affect eye-head coordination from the lowest through to the highest levels of oculomotor control, comparing conditions as diverse as eye movement restrictions and schizophrenia. Given the adaptability of the eye-head system we postulate that this flexible system is under the control of the frontal cortical regions, which assist in planning, coordinating and executing behaviour. We provide evidence for this based on changes in eye-head coordination dependant on the context and expectation of presented visual stimuli, as well as from changes in eye-head coordination caused by frontal lobe dysfunction.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2007.03.004
ISSN: 1350-9462
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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