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|Title:||Regulation of Kv channel expression and neuronal excitability in rat medial nucleus of the trapezoid body maintained in organotypic culture.|
|Citation:||J PHYSIOL, 2010, 588 (Pt 9), pp. 1451-1468|
|Abstract:||Principal neurons of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) express a spectrum of voltage-dependent K(+) conductances mediated by Kv1-Kv4 channels, which shape action potential (AP) firing and regulate intrinsic excitability. Postsynaptic factors influencing expression of Kv channels were explored using organotypic cultures of brainstem prepared from P9-P12 rats and maintained in either low (5 mm, low-K) or high (25 mm, high-K) [K(+)](o) medium. Whole cell patch-clamp recordings were made after 7-28 days in vitro. MNTB neurons cultured in high-K medium maintained a single AP firing phenotype, while low-K cultures had smaller K(+) currents, enhanced excitability and fired multiple APs. The calyx of Held inputs degenerated within 3 days in culture, having lost their major afferent input; this preparation of calyx-free MNTB neurons allowed the effects of postsynaptic depolarisation to be studied with minimal synaptic activity. The depolarization caused by the high-K aCSF only transiently increased spontaneous AP firing (<2 min) and did not measurably increase synaptic activity. Chronic depolarization in high-K cultures raised basal levels of [Ca(2+)](i), increased Kv3 currents and shortened AP half-widths. These events relied on raised [Ca(2+)](i), mediated by influx through voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) and release from intracellular stores, causing an increase in cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation. Block of VGCCs or of CREB function suppressed Kv3 currents, increased AP duration, and reduced Kv3.3 and c-fos expression. Real-time PCR revealed higher Kv3.3 and Kv1.1 mRNA in high-K compared to low-K cultures, although the increased Kv1.1 mRNA was mediated by a CREB-independent mechanism. We conclude that Kv channel expression and hence the intrinsic membrane properties of MNTB neurons are homeostatically regulated by [Ca(2+)](i)-dependent mechanisms and influenced by sustained depolarization of the resting membrane potential.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology|
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