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Title: Airways disease: phenotyping heterogeneity using measures of airway inflammation.
Authors: Siddiqui, Salman
Brightling, Christopher E.
First Published: 15-Jun-2007
Citation: Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology, 2007, 3 (2), pp. 60-69
Abstract: : Despite asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease being widely regarded as heterogeneous diseases, a consensus for an accurate system of classification has not been agreed. Recent studies have suggested that the recognition of subphenotypes of airway disease based on the pattern of airway inflammation may be particularly useful in increasing our understanding of the disease. The use of non-invasive markers of airway inflammation has suggested the presence of four distinct phenotypes: eosinophilic, neutrophilic, mixed inflammatory and paucigranulocytic asthma. Recent studies suggest that these subgroups may differ in their etiology, immunopathology and response to treatment. Importantly, novel treatment approaches targeted at specific patterns of airway inflammation are emerging, making an appreciation of subphenotypes particularly relevant. New developments in phenotyping inflammation and other facets of airway disease mean that we are entering an era where careful phenotyping will lead to targeted therapy.
DOI Link: 10.1186/1710-1492-3-2-60
eISSN: 1710-1492
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2007 Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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