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Title: A cross-cultural study of predictors of self-handicapping in university students
Authors: Pulford, Briony D.
Johnson, Angela
Awaida, May
First Published: 8-Apr-2005
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Personality and Individual Differences, 2005, 39(4), pp.727-737
Abstract: The influence of Perfectionism, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy on Self-handicapping in studying was investigated in relation to individualism and collectivism in students in the United Kingdom and Lebanon. One hundred and twenty eight participants (64 UK and 64 from Lebanon) completed the Individualism and Collectivism Scale; the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale; the Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory; the Self-handicapping Scale; the Generalised Self-efficacy Scale; and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Results indicated that Lebanese students showed characteristics of both collectivist and individualist societies whereas the British students were more individualistic. Lebanese students tended to have higher scores on measures of Self-esteem and all forms of Perfectionism than British students, but similar scores on Self-handicapping and Self-efficacy. Regression analyses showed that Lebanese and British students with higher Self-esteem scores and fewer internal self-motivations to be perfect report Self-handicapping less often. British students who report Self-handicapping have lower Self-efficacy scores and higher Self-reliance scores than those who Self-handicap less often, and being female is associated with slightly higher Self-handicapping in the Lebanese. In conclusion, reported Self-orientated Perfectionism and Self-esteem were the major predictors of Self-handicapping in both cultures, and there were other minor differences, supporting the theory that self-handicapping is partly due to feelings of self-doubt.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.02.008
ISSN: 0191-8869
Version: Post print
Status: Peer reviewed
Type: Article
Rights: Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. Deposited with reference to the publisher's archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Personality and Individual Differences. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Personality and Individual Differences, 2005, 39(4), pp.727-737, DOI#: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.02.008
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Psychology

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