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Title: Effects of pattern redundancy and hierarchical grouping on global-local visual processing in monkeys (Cebus apella) and humans (Homo sapiens).
Authors: De Lillo C
Palumbo, M
Spinozzi, G
Giustino, G
First Published: 15-Jan-2012
Citation: BEHAV BRAIN RES, 2012, 226 (2), pp. 445-455
Abstract: Using a Matching-To-Sample (MTS) procedure we assessed the effects of stimulus redundancy, defined on the basis of the information-theory approach to shape goodness proposed by Garner (1974) [20], and grouping on the processing of hierarchical visual patterns in capuchin monkeys and humans. In a first experiment, the MTS performance of both capuchin monkeys and humans benefitted from stimulus redundancy. Moreover, a local advantage in capuchins was observed with visual patterns that required grouping at both global and local level. In a second experiment we eliminated the requirement to group at the local level. This was done to determine if the effects of redundancy would have been evident in condition more similar to those used in previous studies of global-local processing in a comparative context. The benefits of stimulus redundancy emerged again in both species but were confined to local processing in monkeys and to global processing in humans. A local advantage was observed in both species. In a third experiment, the reduction of the size of the stimuli and the increase of the quantity of the local elements produced a shift to global dominance in humans but the local dominance in monkeys was preserved. The implications of these results are discussed in relation to other similarities and differences in higher visual functions in humans and monkeys.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.09.040
eISSN: 1872-7549
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Psychology

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