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Title: Human mast cells express stem cell factor.
Authors: Zhang, S
Anderson, DF
Bradding, P
Coward, WR
Baddeley, SM
MacLeod, JD
McGill, JI
Church, MK
Holgate, ST
Roche, WR
First Published: Sep-1998
Citation: J PATHOL, 1998, 186 (1), pp. 59-66
Abstract: Stem cell factor (SCF) is a major cytokine regulator of mast cell growth and function. The present study demonstrates that human mast cells are able to produce SCF. Constitutive synthesis of SCF mRNA was seen in the mast cells isolated from human lung and skin by RT-PCR. This was confirmed by in situ hybridization in conjunctival mast cells of both tryptase-only (MCT) and tryptase/chymase (MCTC) subsets. SCF protein product was found in conjunctival MCT and MCTC mast cells by immunohistochemistry. Soluble SCF protein was detected in the culture supernatant of isolated lung mast cells by ELISA, and cross-linkage of IgE receptor (Fc epsilon-RI) on the lung mast cells in culture did not alter SCF mRNA expression, or the secreted soluble SCF protein. This was consistent with the finding that levels of SCF mRNA expression in conjunctival mast cells were similar between normal subjects and patients with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC). This study shows that human mast cells themselves are a cellular source of SCF, as well as being target cells for this growth factor. SCF may regulate mast cell growth and function via both paracrine and autocrine mechanisms. The production of SCF by mast cells may be regulated via mechanisms other than IgE receptor-mediated pathways.
DOI Link: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199809)186:1<59::AID-PATH140>3.0.CO;2-J
ISSN: 0022-3417
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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