Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/2507
Title: The Internationalization of Science in a Commercial Context: Research and Development by Overseas Multinationals in Britain before the mid-1970s
Authors: Horrocks, S. M.
Supervisors: 10.1017/S0007087407009491
First Published: 2007
Citation: British Journal for the History of Science, 2007, 40 (2), pp.227-250
Abstract: The establishment of research and development (R & D) laboratories by the UK affiliates of overseas-controlled firms was a feature of the R & D landscape throughout the twentieth century and had its origins even earlier. From their foundation they served as sites for international scientific and technological collaboration and exchange. Here I draw on both quantitative and qualitative evidence to examine the research and development activities of overseas multinational enterprises in the UK. This activity has a longer history than most previous commentators have suggested. The integration of at least some R & D facilities into international research networks was already a feature during the inter-war years. This became far more common after the early 1960s, as firms worked hard to integrate previously independent laboratories into coordinated research organizations. Far from being a ‘new collaborative mode’ in the late twentieth century, cross-border networks of industrial laboratories have long contributed to the internationalization of science.
ISSN: 0007-0874
Links: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=1018816&fileId=S0007087407009491
http://hdl.handle.net/2381/2507
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Historical Studies

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