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|Title:||The Internationalization of Science in a Commercial Context: Research and Development by Overseas Multinationals in Britain before the mid-1970s|
|Authors:||Horrocks, S. M.|
|Citation:||British Journal for the History of Science, 2007, 40 (2), pp.227-250|
|Abstract:||The establishment of research and development (R & D) laboratories by the UK affiliates of overseas-controlled firms was a feature of the R & D landscape throughout the twentieth century and had its origins even earlier. From their foundation they served as sites for international scientific and technological collaboration and exchange. Here I draw on both quantitative and qualitative evidence to examine the research and development activities of overseas multinational enterprises in the UK. This activity has a longer history than most previous commentators have suggested. The integration of at least some R & D facilities into international research networks was already a feature during the inter-war years. This became far more common after the early 1960s, as firms worked hard to integrate previously independent laboratories into coordinated research organizations. Far from being a ‘new collaborative mode’ in the late twentieth century, cross-border networks of industrial laboratories have long contributed to the internationalization of science.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, School of Historical Studies|
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