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Title: Remediation of chromium(VI) by a methane-oxidizing bacterium.
Authors: Al Hasin A
Gurman, SJ
Murphy, LM
Perry, A
Smith, TJ
Gardiner, PH
First Published: 1-Jan-2010
Citation: ENVIRON SCI TECHNOL, 2010, 44 (1), pp. 400-405
Abstract: Methane-oxidizing bacteria are ubiquitous in the environment and are globally important in oxidizing the potent greenhouse gas methane. It is also well recognized that they have wide potential for bioremediation of organic and chlorinated organic pollutants, thanks to the wide substrate ranges of the methane monooxygenase enzymes that they produce. Here we have demonstrated that the well characterized model methanotroph Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) is able to bioremediate chromium(VI) pollution over a wide range of concentrations (1.4-1000 mg L(-1) of Cr(6+)), thus extending the bioremediation potential of this major group of microorganisms to include an important heavy-metal pollutant. The chromium(VI) reduction reaction was dependent on the availability of reducing equivalents from the growth substrate methane and was partially inhibited by the metabolic poison sodium azide. X-ray spectroscopy showed that the cell-associated chromium was predominantly in the +3 oxidation state and associated with cell- or medium-derived moieties that were most likely phosphate groups. The genome sequence of Mc. capsulatus (Bath) suggests at least five candidate genes for the chromium(VI) reductase activity in this organism.
DOI Link: 10.1021/es901723c
ISSN: 0013-936X
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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