Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: X-ray spectral imaging and Doppler mapping of Cassiopeia A
Authors: Willingale, R.
Bleeker, J. A. M.
van der Heyden K. J.
Kaastra, J. S.
Vink, J.
First Published: 1-Jan-2002
Publisher: EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory (ESO)
Citation: Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2002, 381 (3), pp. 1039-1048
Abstract: We present a detailed X-ray spectral analysis of Cas A using a deep exposure from the EPIC-MOS cameras on-board XMM-Newton. Spectral fitting was performed on a 15 $\times$15 grid of $20{\arcsec} \times 20{\arcsec}$ pixels using a two component non-equilibrium ionisation model (NEI) giving maps of ionisation age, temperature, interstellar column density, abundances for Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe and Ni and Doppler velocities for the bright Si-K, S-K and Fe-K line complexes. The abundance maps of Si, S, Ar and Ca are strongly correlated. The correlation is particularly tight between Si and S. The measured abundance ratios are consistent with the nucleosynthesis yield from the collapse of a progenitor star of 12 $M_{\odot}$ at the time of explosion. The distributions of the abundance ratios Ne/Si, Mg/Si, Fe/Si and Ni/Si are very variable and distinctly different from S/Si, Ar/Si and Ca/Si. This is also expected from the current models of explosive nucleosynthesis. The ionisation age and temperature of both the hot and cool NEI components varies considerably over the remnant. Accurate determination of these parameters has enabled us to extract reliable Doppler velocities for the hot and cold components. The combination of radial positions in the plane of the sky and velocities along the line of sight have been used to measure the dynamics of the X-ray emitting plasma. The data are consistent with a linear radial velocity field for the plasma within the remnant with $v_{\rm s}=2600$ km s -1 at $r_{\rm s}=153$ arcsec implying a primary shock velocity of $4000\pm500$ km s -1 at this shock radius. The Si-K and S-K line emission from the cool plasma component is confined to a relatively narrow shell with radius 100-150 arcsec. This component is almost certainly ejecta material which has been heated by a combination of the reverse shock and heating of ejecta clumps as they plough through the medium which has been pre-heated by the primary shock. The Fe-K line emission is expanding somewhat faster and spans a radius range 110-170 arcsec. The bulk of the Fe emission is confined to two large clumps and it is likely that these too are the result of ablation from ejecta bullets rather than swept up circumstellar medium.
DOI Link: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011614
ISSN: 0004-6361
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2002 ESO. Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, © ESO.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
aa1687.pdfPublished (publisher PDF)956.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.