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|Title:||Interaction of mannose-binding protein with associated serine proteases: effects of naturally occurring mutations.|
|Citation:||J BIOL CHEM, 2000, 275 (40), pp. 30962-30969|
|Abstract:||Mannose-binding protein (MBP; mannose-binding lectin) forms part of the innate immune system. By binding directly to carbohydrates on the surfaces of potential microbial pathogens, MBP and MBP-associated serine proteases (MASPs) can replace antibodies and complement components C1q, C1r, and C1s of the classical complement pathway. In order to investigate the mechanisms of MASP activation by MBP, the cDNAs of rat MASP-1 and -2 have been isolated, and portions encompassing the N-terminal CUB and epidermal growth factor-like domains have been expressed and purified. Biophysical characterization of the purified proteins indicates that each truncated MASP is a Ca(2+)-independent homodimer in solution, in which the interacting modules include the N-terminal two domains. Binding studies reveal that both MASPs associate independently with rat MBP in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner through interactions involving the N-terminal three domains. The biophysical properties of the truncated MASPs indicate that the interactions with MBP leading to complement activation differ significantly from those between components C1q, C1r, and C1s of the classical pathway. Analysis of MASP binding by rat MBP containing naturally occurring mutations equivalent to those associated with human immunodeficiency indicates that binding to both truncated MASP-1 and MASP-2 proteins is defective in such mutants.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation|
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