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Title: Nitric oxide signalling augments neuronal voltage-gated L-type (Ca(v)1) and P/q-type (Ca(v)2.1) channels in the mouse medial nucleus of the trapezoid body.
Authors: Tozer, Adam J.
Forsythe, Ian D.
Steinert, Joern R.
First Published: 28-Feb-2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS One, 2012, 7 (2), e32256.
Abstract: Nitric Oxide (NO) is a diffusible second messenger that modulates ion channels, intrinsic excitability and mediates synaptic plasticity. In light of its activity-dependent generation in the principal neurons of the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB), we have investigated its potential modulatory effects on native voltage-gated calcium channels (Ca(V)) within this nucleus. Whole-cell patch recordings were made from brain slices from P13-15 CBA mice. Slices were incubated with the inhibitor of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) 7-nitroindazole (10 µM) and pharmacological blockers used to isolate Ca(2+) current subtypes. Unpaired observations in the presence and absence of the NO-donors sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 100 µM) or Diethyl-ammonium-nonoate (DEA, 100 µM) were made to elucidate NO-dependent modulation of the expressed Ca(V) subtypes. A differential effect of NO on the calcium channel subtypes was observed: Ca(V)1 and Ca(V)2.1 (L+R- and P/Q+R-type) conductances were potentiated, whereas N+R-type (Ca(V)2.2) and R-type (Ca(V)2.3) current amplitudes were unaffected. L+R-type currents increased from 0.36 ± 0.04 nA to 0.64 ± 0.11 nA and P/Q+R-type from 0.55 ± 0.09 nA to 0.94 ± 0.05 nA, thereby changing the balance and relative contribution of each subtype to the whole cell calcium current. In addition, N+R-type half-activation voltage was left shifted following NO exposure. NO-dependent modulation of P/Q+R and N+R-type, but not L+R-type, channels was removed by inhibition of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activity. This data demonstrates a differential effect of NO signalling on voltage-gated calcium entry, by distinct NO-dependent pathways.
DOI Link: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032256
ISSN: 1932-6203
eISSN: 1932-6203
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright: © 2012 Tozer et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology

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