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Title: Association between Physical Activity and Neighborhood Environment among Middle-Aged Adults in Shanghai
Authors: Zhou, Rena
Li, Yang
Umezaki, Masahiro
Ding, Yongming
Jiang, Hongwei
Comber, Alexis John
Fu, Hua
First Published: Feb-2013
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation: Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2013, Article ID 239595
Abstract: Objective: To determine the perceived neighborhood environment (NE) variables that are associated with physical activity (PA) in urban areas in China. Methods: Parents of students at two junior high schools in Shanghai, one downtown and the other in the suburbs, were recruited to participate in the study. They completed an International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale-Abbreviated (NEWS-A) survey. Participant physical activity was also objectively measured using accelerometers. Results: Participants from downtown areas were more positively associated with transportation PA and leisure-time PA than respondents living in the suburbs. Residential density was found to be a significant positive predictor of recreational or leisure-based PA. Street connectivity was negatively associated with leisure time PA for respondents. Moderate-vigorous PA was found to be negatively associated with traffic safety. There were no significant associations between environmental factors and transportation PA. Women had higher levels of moderate-vigorous PA than men. Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate that residential density, street connectivity, and traffic safety have a significant impact on Chinese middle-aged adults’ PA, suggesting urban planning strategies for promoting positive public health outcomes.
DOI Link: 10.1155/2013/239595
ISSN: 1687-9805
eISSN: 1687-9813
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2013, Rena Zhou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Geography

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