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Title: A year of H[subscript 2] measurements at Weybourne Atmospheric Observatory, UK
Authors: Forster, G. L.
Sturges, W. T.
Fleming, Zoe L.
Bandy, B. J.
Emeis, S.
First Published: 17-Jul-2012
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing for International Meteorological Institute in Stockholm
Citation: Tellus B, 2012, 64, 17771
Abstract: We present a year-long high precision time series of atmospheric molecular hydrogen (H[subscript 2]) measured at the UK North Sea coast from March 2008 to February 2009. We observed a pronounced seasonal cycle in H[subscript 2] with mean values in late winter/early spring ~40 ppb higher than those in late summer/early autumn. Background-subtracted molar H[subscript 2]/CO ratios (ΔH[subscript 2]/ΔCO) averaged 0.35±0.002 for all data combined and 0.25±0.002 when ΔH[subscript 2] was above 10 ppb. The ΔH[subscript 2]/ΔCO ratio was highest in summer, possibly as a result of larger photochemical production. Using simultaneous measurements of ozone, we estimated the deposition velocity of H[subscript 2] during nocturnal inversion events to average 3.5±0.7x10[superscript -4]m s[superscript -1] for June 2008 and 1.9±1x10[superscript -4]m s[superscript -1] for July 2008, in good agreement with other reported estimates. In May 2008, we observed an episode of exceptionally clean air being transported from the tropics but arriving from the north, in which H[subscript 2] was slightly elevated indicating minimal surface loss. On another occasion with south-easterly winds, we believe we detected emissions from H[subscript 2] production facilities in the near-continent characterised by H[subscript 2] mixing ratios reaching 1450 ppb.
DOI Link: 10.3402/tellusb.v64i0.17771
ISSN: 0280-6509
eISSN: 1600-0889
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2012 G. L. Forster et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License (, permitting all non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry

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