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Title: A biomimetic approach to machine olfaction, featuring a very large-scale chemical sensor array and embedded neuro-bio-inspired computation
Authors: Marco, S.
Gutiérrez-Gálvez, A.
Lansner, A.
Martinez, D.
Rospars, J. P.
Beccherelli, R.
Perera, A.
Pearce, Timothy Charles
Verschure, P. F. M. J.
Persaud, K.
First Published: Apr-2014
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: Microsystem Technologies, 2014, 20 (4-5), pp. 729-742
Abstract: Biological olfaction outperforms chemical instrumentation in specificity, response time, detection limit, coding capacity, time stability, robustness, size, power consumption, and portability. This biological function provides outstanding performance due, in a large extent, to the unique architecture of the olfactory pathway, which combines a high degree of redundancy and efficient combinatorial coding, with unmatched chemical information processing mechanisms. The last decade has seen important advances in the understanding of the computational primitives underlying the functioning of the olfactory system. The EU-funded Project NEUROCHEM (Bio-ICT-FET- 216916) developed novel computing paradigms and biologically motivated artefacts for chemical sensing, taking its inspiration from the biological olfactory pathway. To demonstrate this approach, a biomimetic demonstrator has been built that features a very large-scale sensor array (65,536 elements) using conducting polymer technology which mimics the olfactory receptor neuron layer. It implements derived computational neuroscience algorithms in an embedded system that interfaces the chemical sensors and processes their signals in real-time. This embedded system integrates abstracted computational models of the main anatomic building blocks in the olfactory pathway: the olfactory bulb, and olfactory cortex in vertebrates (respectively, antennal lobe and mushroom bodies in the insect). For implementation in the embedded processor, an abstraction phase has been carried out in which their processing capabilities are captured by algorithmic solutions implemented in software. Finally, the algorithmic models are tested in mixed chemical plumes with an odour robot having navigation capabilities.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s00542-013-2020-8
ISSN: 0946-7076
eISSN: 1432-1858
Type: Journal Article
Description: Full text of this item is not currently available on the LRA. The final published version may be available through the links above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Engineering

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