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Title: Component information is preserved in glomerular responses to binary odor mixtures in the moth Spodoptera littoralis
Authors: Carlsson, M. A.
Chong, K. Y.
Daniels, W.
Hansson, B. S.
Pearce, Timothy Charles
First Published: 30-Mar-2007
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Chemical Senses , 2007, 32 (5), pp. 433-443
Abstract: Natural odors are often complex mixtures of different compounds. These mixtures can be perceived to have qualities that are different from their components. Moreover, components can be difficult to distinguish within a blend, even if those components are identifiable when presented individually. Thus, odor components can interact along the olfactory pathway in a nonlinear fashion such that the mixture is not perceived simply as the sum of its components. Here we investigated odor-evoked changes in Ca2+ concentration to binary blends of plant-related substances in individually identified glomeruli in the moth Spodoptera littoralis. We used a wide range of blend ratios and a range of concentrations below the level at which glomerular responses become saturated. We found no statistically significant cases where the mixture response was greater than both component responses at the same total concentration (synergistic interactions) and no statistically significant cases where the mixture response was less than either component presented individually (suppressive interactions). Therefore, we conclude that, for the plant mixtures studied, information of their components is preserved in the neural representations encoded at the first stage of olfactory processing in this moth species.
DOI Link: 10.1093/chemse/bjm009
ISSN: 0379-864X
eISSN: 1464-3553
Type: Journal Article
Description: Full text of this item is not currently available on the LRA. The final published version may be available through the links above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Engineering

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