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Title: Human Th2 cells selectively express the orexigenic peptide, pro-melanin-concentrating hormone
Authors: Sandig, Hilary
McDonald, Joanne
Gilmour, Jane
Arno, Matthew
Lee, Tak H.
Cousins, David J.
First Published: 18-Jul-2007
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Citation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2007, 104 (30), pp. 12440-12444
Abstract: Th1 and Th2 cells represent the two main functional subsets of CD4+ T helper cell, and are defined by their cytokine expression. Human Th1 cells express IFNγ, whilst Th2 cells express IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Th1 and Th2 cells have distinct immunological functions, and can drive different immunopathologies. Here, we show that in vitro-differentiated human Th2 cells highly selectively express the gene for pro-melanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH), using real-time RT-PCR, enzyme immunoassay, and Western blot analysis. PMCH encodes the prohormone, promelanin-concentrating hormone (PMCH), which is proteolytically processed to produce several peptides, including the orexigenic hormone melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH). PMCH expression by Th2 cells was activation responsive and increased throughout the 28-day differentiation in parallel with the expression of the Th2 cytokine genes. MCH immunoreactivity was detected in the differentiated Th2 but not Th1 cell culture supernatants after activation, and contained the entire PMCH protein, in addition to several smaller peptides. Human Th1 and Th2 cells were isolated by their expression of IFNγ and CRTH2, respectively, and the ex vivo Th2 cells expressed PMCH upon activation, in contrast to the Th1 cells. Because Th2 cells are central to the pathogenesis of allergic diseases including asthma, expression of PMCH by activated Th2 cells in vivo may directly link allergic inflammation to energy homeostasis and may contribute to the association between asthma and obesity.
DOI Link: 10.1073/pnas.0705457104
ISSN: 0027-8424
eISSN: 1091-6490
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Description: Full text of this item is not currently available on the LRA. The final published version may be available through the links above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation

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