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Title: Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions : the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set
Authors: McEwan, Kirsten
Gilbert, Paul
Dandeneau, Stephane
Lipka, Sigrid
Maratos, Frances
Paterson, Kevin B.
Baldwin, Mark
First Published: 19-Feb-2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS One, 2014, 9 (2), pp. e88783-?
Abstract: Attachment with altruistic others requires the ability to appropriately process affiliative and kind facial cues. Yet there is no stimulus set available to investigate such processes. Here, we developed a stimulus set depicting compassionate and critical facial expressions, and validated its effectiveness using well-established visual-probe methodology. In Study 1, 62 participants rated photographs of actors displaying compassionate/kind and critical faces on strength of emotion type. This produced a new stimulus set based on N = 31 actors, whose facial expressions were reliably distinguished as compassionate, critical and neutral. In Study 2, 70 participants completed a visual-probe task measuring attentional orientation to critical and compassionate/kind faces. This revealed that participants lower in self-criticism demonstrated enhanced attention to compassionate/kind faces whereas those higher in self-criticism showed no bias. To sum, the new stimulus set produced interpretable findings using visual-probe methodology and is the first to include higher order, complex positive affect displays.
DOI Link: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
eISSN: 1932-6203
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2014. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Description: PMCID: PMC3929367
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Psychology

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