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Title: Re-‘homing’ the ex-offender : constructing a ‘prisoner dyspora'
Authors: Turner, Jennifer Elizabeth
First Published: 23-Sep-2013
Publisher: Wiley for Royal Geographical Society (with Institute of British Geographers)
Citation: Area, 2013, 45 (4), pp. 485-492
Abstract: Recent work within and beyond the geography discipline has come to understand that where might be imagined a sharp boundary between the ‘hidden’ inside and outside of prisons, there is in fact a myriad of materials that cleave and bind penal geographies that mark the prison wall as a site of transaction and exchange. Recidivism in the UK is of serious concern, rendering the ‘prisoner’ a participant of a very unique and dynamic type of border exchange. In light of this, this paper questions how this impacts prisoners' identities and attachments to ‘home’. Although ex-offenders may idealise a return to the communities where they lived prior to incarceration, the ability to re-integrate is often limited. This may be attributed to the transformations that individuals undergo while spending time in prison, such as the possession of a criminal record. In grounding this discussion in the case of a company that employs ‘ex-offenders’, I examine the implications of belonging to such a group of ‘conventional employees’ and ‘those with criminal records’; revealing tensions that complicate matters of belonging. This paper therefore posits the prison as a kind of ‘homeland’ that continues to significantly shape one's identity following their out-migration. Those leaving prison find themselves unable to display conventional attachments to the outside society, while performing a dystopian relationship with the prison homeland, allowing for a consideration of what I have termed the ‘prisoner dyspora’.
DOI Link: 10.1111/area.12053
ISSN: 0004-0894
eISSN: 1475-4762
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2013, Wiley for Royal Geographical Society (with Institute of British Geographers). Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Description: The file associated with this record is embargoed until 24 months after the date of publication. The final published version may be available through the links above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Criminology

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