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|Title:||Metal control of selectivity in acetate-assisted C-H bond activation : an experimental and computational study of heterocyclic, vinylic and phenylic C(sp[superscript 2])-H bonds at Ir and Rh|
|Authors:||Carr, Kevin J. T|
Davies, David L.
Macgregor, Stuart A.
|Publisher:||Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Citation:||Chemical Science, 2014, 5 (6), pp. 2340-2346|
|Abstract:||Acetate-assisted C(sp[superscript 2])–H bond activation at [MCl[subscript 2]Cp*][subscript 2] (M = Ir, Rh) has been studied for a series of N-alkyl imines, [superscript i]PrN[double bond, length as m-dash]CHR, (R _ N-methyl-2-pyrrolyl, H-L[subscript 1]; 2-furanyl, H-L[subscript 2]; 2-thiophenyl, H-L[subscript 3a]; C[subscript 2]H[subscript 2]Ph, H-L[subscript 4]; and Ph, H-L[subscript 5]) as well as phenylpyridine (H-L[subscript 6]) by both experimental and computational means. Competition experiments reveal significant variation in the relative reactivity of these substrates and highlight changes in selectivity between Ir (H-L[subscript 4] ≈ H-L[subscript 2] < H-L[subscript 3a] ≈ H-L[subscript 5] < H-L[subscript 1] ≈ H-L[subscript 6]) and Rh (H-L[subscript 2] ≈ H-L[subscript 1] < H-L[subscript 3a] ≈ H-L[subscript 4] < H-L[subscript 5] < H-L[subscript 6]). Comparison of H-L[subscript 3a] with its N-xylyl analogue, H-L[subscript 3b], gives a further case of metal-based selectivity, H-L[subscript 3a] being more reactive at Ir, while H-L[subscript 3b] is preferred at Rh. H/D exchange experiments suggest that the selectivity of C–H activation at Ir is determined by kinetic factors while that at Rh is determined by the product thermodynamic stability. This is confirmed by computational studies which also successfully model the order of substrate reactivity seen experimentally at each metal. To achieve the good level of agreement between experiment and computation required the inclusion of dispersion effects, use of large basis sets and an appropriate solvent correction.|
|Rights:||Copyright © the authors, 2014. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry|
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