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|Title:||Identification of the remains of King Richard III|
|Authors:||King, Turi E.|
Fortes, Gloria Gonzalez
Thomas, Mark G.
Delser, Pierpaolo Maisano
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Citation:||Nature Communications, 2014, 5 : 5631|
|Abstract:||In 2012, a skeleton was excavated at the presumed site of the Grey Friars friary in Leicester, the last-known resting place of King Richard III. Archaeological, osteological and radiocarbon dating data were consistent with these being his remains. Here we report DNA analyses of both the skeletal remains and living relatives of Richard III. We find a perfect mitochondrial DNA match between the sequence obtained from the remains and one living relative, and a single-base substitution when compared with a second relative. Y-chromosome haplotypes from male-line relatives and the remains do not match, which could be attributed to a false-paternity event occurring in any of the intervening generations. DNA-predicted hair and eye colour are consistent with Richard’s appearance in an early portrait. We calculate likelihood ratios for the non-genetic and genetic data separately, and combined, and conclude that the evidence for the remains being those of Richard III is overwhelming.|
|Rights:||This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Genetics|
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|ncomms6631.pdf||Main article||1.14 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|ncomms6631-s1.pdf||Supplementary Information : Supplementary Figures 1-6, Supplementary Tables 1-10, Supplementary Notes 1-5, Supplementary Methods and Supplementary References.||3.53 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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