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|Title:||Hypoxia and angiogenesis in colorectal liver metastases|
|Abstract:||Introduction: Despite surgical resection being the only potential cure for colorectal liver metastases, not all patients are suitable for operative intervention. Most patients who undergo surgery die of recurrent disease. Understanding tumour behaviour may identify patients who might benefit from targeted adjuvant therapy. Tumour hypoxia and angiogenesis are a negative prognostic factor in various solid tumours. Carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) have been associated with poor outcome. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of CAIX, EGFR, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in patients with colorectal liver metastases. Methods: Patients having undergone a liver resection for colorectal liver metastases at our institutions between 1993 and 1999 were included. Standard immunohistochemical techniques were used to study the expression of CAIX, tumour necrosis, EGFR, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in 5 Lim tumour sections from paraffin-embedded tissue blocks. These factors were correlated with clinico-pathological data, microvessel density and vascular endothelial growth factor expression using the chi-squared test. The Kaplan-Meier method and log rank test were used for univariate survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazard model for multivariate survival analysis. Results: 181 patients, male n=121, female n=60, aged between 25-81 years (mean 61 years) were included. Tumour necrosis, membranous CAIX and membranous EGFR were significantly correlated with poor survival on univariate (p=0.0002, p=0.002 and p=0.01 respectively) and multivariate analysis (p=0.019, p<0.0001 and p=0.027 respectively). MMP-9 significantly correlated with tumour edge contiguous vessels and central tumour vessels. MMP-2 correlated with membranous CAIX. Conclusion: CAIX, EGFR and tumour necrosis are independent negative prognostic factor in patients with colorectal liver metastases. MMP-2 and MMP-9 may have an important role in tumour invasion.|
|Rights:||Copyright © the author. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses, College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology|
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