Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2381/31724
Title: Diagenesis and Clay Mineral Formation at Gale Crater, Mars
Authors: Bridges, JC
Schwenzer, S. P.
Leveille, R.
Westall, F.
Wiens, R. C.
Mangold, N.
Bristow, T.
Edwards, P.
Berger, G.
First Published: 18-Jan-2015
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU), Wiley
Citation: Journal of Geophysical Research, 2015, 120 (1), pp. 1-19 (19)
Abstract: The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity found host rocks of basaltic composition and alteration assemblages containing clay minerals at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater. On the basis of the observed host rock and alteration minerals, we present results of equilibrium thermochemical modeling of the Sheepbed mudstones of Yellowknife Bay in order to constrain the formation conditions of its secondary mineral assemblage. Building on conclusions from sedimentary observations by the Mars Science Laboratory team, we assume diagenetic, in situ alteration. The modeling shows that the mineral assemblage formed by the reaction of a CO2-poor and oxidizing, dilute aqueous solution (Gale Portage Water) in an open system with the Fe-rich basaltic-composition sedimentary rocks at 10–50°C and water/rock ratio (mass of rock reacted with the starting fluid) of 100–1000, pH of ~7.5–12. Model alteration assemblages predominantly contain phyllosilicates (Fe-smectite, chlorite), the bulk composition of a mixture of which is close to that of saponite inferred from Chemistry and Mineralogy data and to that of saponite observed in the nakhlite Martian meteorites and terrestrial analogues. To match the observed clay mineral chemistry, inhomogeneous dissolution dominated by the amorphous phase and olivine is required. We therefore deduce a dissolving composition of approximately 70% amorphous material, with 20% olivine, and 10% whole rock component.
DOI Link: 10.1002/2014JE004757
ISSN: 0148-0227
eISSN: 2156-2202
Links: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014JE004757/full
http://hdl.handle.net/2381/31724
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: ©2014. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. CC-BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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