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Title: Provenance and proximity: a technological analysis of Late and Final Neolithic Ceramics from Euripides Cave, Salamis
Authors: Whitbread, Ian K.
Mari, A.
First Published: 31-Dec-2013
Publisher: Elsevier, Association for Environmental Archaeology
Citation: Journal of Archaeological Science, 2013, 41, pp. 79-88
Abstract: This paper examines application of the provenance hypothesis in areas of complex regional geology, where all potential sources of raw materials cannot be isolated or taken into account. With a few notable exceptions most pottery of the Late and Final Neolithic in Central and Southern Mainland Greece is considered to be locally produced by non-specialist household potters. Nevertheless small quantities of pottery with fresh volcanic fabrics have been found in largely non-volcanic areas and interpreted as imports. This interpretation has been questioned and alternative local sources proposed either in isolated palaeovolcanic units amongst otherwise non- volcanic rocks or through reuse of imported artefacts such as millstones made from fresh volcanic rock. In this study we examine evidence for pottery exchange at the Cave of Euripides, located opposite the island of Aegina, a potential source of imported volcanic materials in the region. The analysis uses petrography to identify raw materials, production technologies and provenance of the pottery. Results show that most pottery at the cave was produced locally. It is argued that grog and sparry calcite tempered fabrics are indicative of shared technological knowledge amongst potters in different communities. Pottery imports are identified based on their fresh volcanic inclusions. They are consistent with pottery fabrics from Aegina and distinguished from the local palaeovolcanic rocks that occur in close proximity to the cave.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.020
ISSN: 0305-4403
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Archaeological Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Archaeological Science 2013, 41 DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2013.07.020
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Archaeology and Ancient History

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