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|Title:||Delayed school entry and academic performance: A natural experiment|
Strauss, V. Y-C.
Johnson, Samantha J.
|Publisher:||Wiley for Mac Keith Press|
|Citation:||Jaekel, J., Strauss, V. Y.-C., Johnson, S., Gilmore, C. and Wolke, D. (2015), Delayed school entry and academic performance: a natural experiment. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology|
|Abstract:||Aim. Recent reports suggest that delayed school entry (DSE) may be beneficial for children with developmental delays. However, studies of the effects of DSE are inconclusive. This study investigated the effects of DSE versus age-appropriate entry (ASE) on children’s academic achievement and attention in middle childhood. Method. 999 children (492 females, 507 males; 472 born preterm) were studied as part of a prospective population-based longitudinal study in Germany. Using a natural experimental design, propensity score matching was applied to create two matched groups who differed only in terms of DSE vs. ASE. Teacher ratings of achievement in mathematics, reading, writing, and attention were obtained in Year 1, and standardized tests were administered at age 8 years. Results. There was no evidence of a difference in the odds of DSE vs. ASE children being rated as above average by teachers in Year 1. In contrast, DSE children’s standardised mean test scores were lower than ASE children’s mean scores in all domains (mathematics: B=-0.28[-0.51,-0.06)], reading: B=-0.39[-0.65,-0.14], writing: B=-0.90[-1.07,-0.74], and attention: B=-0.58[-0.79,-0.36]). Interpretation. DSE did not affect teacher rated academic performance. However, missing one year of learning opportunities was associated with poorer average performance in standardized tests at 8 years of age. Future research is needed to determine the long-term effect of DSE on academic achievement.|
|Rights:||Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO. This is the accepted version of the following article: Jaekel, J., Strauss, V. Y.-C., Johnson, S., Gilmore, C. and Wolke, D. (2015), Delayed school entry and academic performance: a natural experiment. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dmcn.12713/abstract.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences|
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