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Title: Accessing the population of high redshift gamma ray bursts
Authors: Ghirlanda, G.
Salvaterra, R.
Ghisellini, G.
Mereghetti, S.
Tagliaferri, G.
Campana, S.
Osborne, J. P.
O'Brien, PT
Tanvir, N.
Willingale, D.
Amati, L.
Basa, S.
Bernardini, M. G.
Burlon, D.
Covino, S.
D'Avanzo, P.
Frontera, F.
Gotz, D.
Melandra, A.
Nava, L.
Prio, L.
Vergani, S. D.
First Published: 4-Mar-2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP), Royal Astronomical Society
Citation: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (April 11, 2015) 448 (3): 2514-2524.
Abstract: Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) are a powerful probe of the high-redshift Universe. We present a tool to estimate the detection rate of high-z GRBs by a generic detector with defined energy band and sensitivity. We base this on a population model that reproduces the observed properties of GRBs detected by Swift, Fermi and CGRO in the hard X-ray and γ-ray bands. We provide the expected cumulative distributions of the flux and fluence of simulated GRBs in different energy bands. We show that scintillator detectors, operating at relatively high energies (e.g. tens of keV to the MeV), can detect only the most luminous GRBs at high redshifts due to the link between the peak spectral energy and the luminosity (Epeak–Liso) of GRBs. We show that the best strategy for catching the largest number of high-z bursts is to go softer (e.g. in the soft X-ray band) but with a very high sensitivity. For instance, an imaging soft X-ray detector operating in the 0.2–5 keV energy band reaching a sensitivity, corresponding to a fluence, of ∼10−8 erg cm−2 is expected to detect ≈40 GRBs yr−1 sr−1 at z ≥ 5 (≈3 GRBs yr−1 sr−1 at z ≥ 10). Once high-z GRBs are detected the principal issue is to secure their redshift. To this aim we estimate their NIR afterglow flux at relatively early times and evaluate the effectiveness of following them up and construct usable samples of events with any forthcoming GRB mission dedicated to explore the high-z Universe.
DOI Link: 10.1093/mnras/stv183
ISSN: 0035-8711
eISSN: 1365-2966
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©:2015 The authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Description: Specific simulations for energy ranges not considered in this paper can be provided on request.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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