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Title: Locating bioenergy facilities using a modified GIS-based location-allocation-algorithm: considering the spatial distribution of resource supply
Authors: Comber, Alexis
Dickie, Jennifer
Jarvis, Claire
Phillips, Martin
Tansey, Kevin
First Published: 22-May-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Applied Energy, 2015, 154, pp. 309-316 (7)
Abstract: This paper proposes a modification to the classic p-median problem that considers the spatial distribution of supply resources and competition for them by potential facility locations. It is illustrated with a simplified case study to optimally locate community scale anaerobic digesters (ADs) in an area in the East Midlands in the UK. The modification evaluates the spatial distribution of the feedstocks needed by each potential AD unit and only includes new locations if their supply catchments do not overlap with the catchments of the current set of locations being considered. The modified algorithm is implemented using the Teitz and Bart search heuristic. This starts with an initial set of locations that it seeks to improve by swapping poor performing locations with better ones. In this case the modification takes account of the spatial distribution of the feedstocks for a typical AD recipe whilst seeking minimise demand weighted distance. The results demonstrate large improvements over the classic p-median model in location selection that eliminate the overlap of facility catchments. Some wider points relating to the robustness of many analyses reported in the bioenergy literature are discussed, with some observations about commonly found methodological deficiencies, before some areas for further research are suggested.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.04.128
ISSN: 0306-2619
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Geography

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