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Title: Quantum Structure in Cognition and the Foundations of Human Reasoning
Authors: Aerts, D.
Sozzo, Sandro
Veloz, T.
First Published: 20-Jun-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: International Journal of Theoretical Physics June 2015
Abstract: Traditional cognitive science rests on a foundation of classical logic and probability theory. This foundation has been seriously challenged by several findings in experimental psychology on human decision making. Meanwhile, the formalism of quantum theory has provided an efficient resource for modeling these classically problematical situations. In this paper, we start from our successful quantum-theoretic approach to the modeling of concept combinations to formulate a unifying explanatory hypothesis. In it, human reasoning is the superposition of two processes -- a conceptual reasoning, whose nature is emergence of new conceptuality, and a logical reasoning, founded on an algebraic calculus of the logical type. In most cognitive processes however, the former reasoning prevails over the latter. In this perspective, the observed deviations from classical logical reasoning should not be interpreted as biases but, rather, as natural expressions of emergence in its deepest form.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10773-015-2717-9
ISSN: 0020-7748
eISSN: 1572-9575
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Archived with reference to SHERPA/RoMEO and publisher website. The final publication is available at Springer via
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Management

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