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Title: Adjusting for measurement error in baseline prognostic biomarkers included in a time-to-event analysis: a joint modelling approach.
Authors: Crowther, Michael J.
Lambert, Paul C.
Abrams, Keith R.
First Published: 1-Dec-2013
Citation: BMC Medical Research Methodology, 2013, 13:146
Abstract: Background: Methodological development of joint models of longitudinal and survival data has been rapid in recent years; however, their full potential in applied settings are yet to be fully explored. We describe a novel use of a specific association structure, linking the two component models through the subject specific intercept, and thus extend joint models to account for measurement error in a biomarker, even when only the baseline value of the biomarker is of interest. This is a common occurrence in registry data sources, where often repeated measurements exist but are simply ignored. Methods: The proposed specification is evaluated through simulation and applied to data from the General Practice Research Database, investigating the association between baseline Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and the time-to-stroke in a cohort of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results: By directly modelling the longitudinal component we reduce bias in the hazard ratio for the effect of baseline SBP on the time-to-stroke, showing the large potential to improve on previous prognostic models which use only observed baseline biomarker values. Conclusions: The joint modelling of longitudinal and survival data is a valid approach to account for measurement error in the analysis of a repeatedly measured biomarker and a time-to-event. User friendly Stata software is provided.
DOI Link: 10.1186/1471-2288-13-146
ISSN: 1471-2288
eISSN: 1471-2288
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: © 2013 Crowther et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description: PMCID: PMC4219390
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences

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