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Title: Active regulator of SIRT1 is required for ribosome biogenesis and function
Authors: Knight, John R. P.
Willis, Anne E.
Milner, J.
First Published: 5-Mar-2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Nucleic Acids Research, 2013, 41 (7), pp. 4185-4197
Abstract: Active regulator of SIRT1 (AROS) binds and upregulates SIRT1, an NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase. In addition, AROS binds RPS19, a structural ribosomal protein, which also functions in ribosome biogenesis and is implicated in multiple disease states. The significance of AROS in relation to ribosome biogenesis and function is unknown. Using human cells, we now show that AROS localizes to (i) the nucleolus and (ii) cytoplasmic ribosomes. Co-localization with nucleolar proteins was verified by confocal immunofluorescence of endogenous protein and confirmed by AROS depletion using RNAi. AROS association with cytoplasmic ribosomes was analysed by sucrose density fractionation and immunoprecipitation, revealing that AROS selectively associates with 40S ribosomal subunits and also with polysomes. RNAi-mediated depletion of AROS leads to deficient ribosome biogenesis with aberrant precursor ribosomal RNA processing, reduced 40S subunit ribosomal RNA and 40S ribosomal proteins (including RPS19). Together, this results in a reduction in 40S subunits and translating polysomes, correlating with reduced overall cellular protein synthesis. Interestingly, knockdown of AROS also results in a functionally significant increase in eIF2α phosphorylation. Overall, our results identify AROS as a factor with a role in both ribosome biogenesis and ribosomal function.
DOI Link: 10.1093/nar/gkt129
ISSN: 0305-1048
eISSN: 1362-4962
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © The Author(s) 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology

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