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|Title:||Modelling factors in primary care quality improvement: a cross-sectional study of premature CHD mortality.|
Bankart, M. John G.
|Publisher:||BMJ Publishing Group: Open Access|
|Citation:||BMJ Open, 2013, 3 (10), e003391|
|Abstract:||Objectives: To identify features of primary care quality improvement associated with improved health outcomes using premature coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality as an example, and to determine impacts of different modelling approaches. Design: Cross-sectional study of mortality rates in 229 general practices. Setting: General practices from three East Midlands primary care trusts. Participants: Patients registered to the practices above between April 2006 and March 2009. Main outcome measures: Numbers of CHD deaths in those aged under 75 (premature mortality) and at all ages in each practice. Results: Population characteristics and markers of quality of primary care were associated with variations in premature CHD mortality. Increasing levels of deprivation, percentages of practice populations on practice diabetes registers, white, over 65 and male were all associated with increasing levels of premature CHD mortality. Control of serum cholesterol levels in those with CHD and the percentage of patients recalling access to their preferred general practitioner were both associated with decreased levels of premature CHD mortality. Similar results were found for all-age mortality. A combined measure of quality of primary care for CHD comprising 12 quality outcomes framework indicators was associated with decreases in both all-age and premature CHD mortality. The selected models suggest that practices in less deprived areas may have up to 20% lower premature CHD mortality than those with median deprivation and that improvement in the CHD care quality from 83% (lower quartile) to 86% (median) could reduce premature CHD mortality by 3.6%. Different modelling approaches yielded qualitatively similar results. Conclusions: High-quality primary care, including aspects of access to and continuity of care, detection and management, appears to be associated with reducing CHD mortality. The impact on premature CHD mortality is greater than on all-age CHD mortality. Determining the most useful measures of quality of primary care needs further consideration.|
|Rights:||Copyright © the authors, 2013. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Health Sciences|
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