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Title: On the VHF radar echoes in the region of midnight aurora: Signs of ground echoes modulated by the ionosphere
Authors: Kozlovsky, A.
Lester, Mark
First Published: 3-Mar-2015
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell, American Geophysical Union
Citation: Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics, 2015, 120 (3), pp. 2099-2109 (11)
Abstract: We present all-sky interferometric meteor radar (MR), VHF (36.9 MHz), observations from Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory and report on the unusual echoes, which were detected at low elevation on the northern horizon, typically during substorms. These echoes have a near-zero Doppler shift, relatively low power, but with a sharp rise to the power peak, short lifetime (less than 2 s), and nonexponential decay (NED). We suggest that such auroral NED echoes are in fact ground backscatter of the MR waves which have been refracted in the ionosphere, passing through the ionosphere in the substorm region, where pulsating aurora (at a frequency higher than 1.7 Hz) occurs and causes quasiperiodic modulation of the wave propagation conditions, which leads to corresponding modulation of the amplitude of return. The MR treats such oscillating signal as meteor trails.
DOI Link: 10.1002/2014JA020715
ISSN: 2169-9380
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Archived with reference to publisher website. © 2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Version of record:
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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