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Title: Large-scale recent expansion of European patrilineages shown by population resequencing
Authors: Batini, Chiara
Hallast, Pille
Zadik, Daniel
Delser, Pierpaolo Maisano
Benazzo, A.
Ghirotto, S.
Arroyo-Pardo, E.
Cavalleri, G. L.
de Knijff, P.
Dupuy, B. M.
Eriksen, H. A.
King, Turi E.
López de Munain, A.
López-Parra, A. M.
Loutradis, A.
Milasin, J.
Novelletto, A.
Pamjav, H.
Sajantila, A.
Tolun, A.
Winney, B.
Jobling, Mark A.
First Published: 19-May-2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Nature Communications, 2015, 6, 7152
Abstract: The proportion of Europeans descending from Neolithic farmers ∼ 10 thousand years ago (KYA) or Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers has been much debated. The male-specific region of the Y chromosome (MSY) has been widely applied to this question, but unbiased estimates of diversity and time depth have been lacking. Here we show that European patrilineages underwent a recent continent-wide expansion. Resequencing of 3.7 Mb of MSY DNA in 334 males, comprising 17 European and Middle Eastern populations, defines a phylogeny containing 5,996 single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Dating indicates that three major lineages (I1, R1a and R1b), accounting for 64% of our sample, have very recent coalescent times, ranging between 3.5 and 7.3 KYA. A continuous swathe of 13/17 populations share similar histories featuring a demographic expansion starting ∼ 2.1-4.2 KYA. Our results are compatible with ancient MSY DNA data, and contrast with data on mitochondrial DNA, indicating a widespread male-specific phenomenon that focuses interest on the social structure of Bronze Age Europe.
DOI Link: 10.1038/ncomms8152
eISSN: 2041-1723
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © the authors, 2015. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Genetics

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