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Title: Implicit theories of online trolling: Evidence that attention-seeking conceptions are associated with increased psychological resilience
Authors: Maltby, John
Hatcher, Ruth
Flowe, H.
Tazzyman, Sarah
Palmer, Emma
Frosch, Caren
Jones, Ceri Chloe
O'Reilly, Michelle
Kneips, Melanie
Buckley, Chloe
First Published: 25-Sep-2015
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: British Journal of Psychology
Abstract: Three studies were conducted to investigate people's conceptions of online trolls, particularly conceptions associated with psychological resilience to trolling. In Study 1, a factor analysis of participants’ ratings of characteristics of online trolls found a replicable bifactor model of conceptions of online trolls, with a general factor of general conceptions towards online trolls being identified, but five group factors (attention-conflict seeking, low self-confidence, viciousness, uneducated, amusement) as most salient. In Study 2, participants evaluated hypothetical profiles of online trolling messages to establish the validity of the five factors. Three constructs (attention-conflict seeking, viciousness, and uneducated) were actively employed when people considered profiles of online trolling scenarios. Study 3 introduced a 20-item ‘Conceptions of Online Trolls scale’ to examine the extent to which the five group factors were associated with resilience to trolling. Results indicated that viewing online trolls as seeking conflict or attention was associated with a decrease in individuals’ negative affect around previous trolling incidents. Overall, the findings suggest that adopting an implicit theories approach can further our understanding and measurement of conceptions towards trolling through the identification of five salient factors, of which at least one factor may act as a resilience strategy.
DOI Link: 10.1111/bjop.12154
ISSN: 0007-1269
eISSN: 2044-8295
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2015 The British Psychological Society. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Maltby, J., Day, L., Hatcher, R. M., Tazzyman, S., Flowe, H. D., Palmer, E. J., Frosch, C. A., O'Reilly, M., Jones, C., Buckley, C., Knieps, M. and Cutts, K. (2015), Implicit theories of online trolling: Evidence that attention-seeking conceptions are associated with increased psychological resilience. British Journal of Psychology. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12154, which has been published in final form at . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 24-month embargo in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available in the links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, School of Psychology

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