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Title: Automatic grade promotion and student performance: Evidence from Brazil
Authors: Foureaux Koppensteiner, Martin
First Published: 30-Dec-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Development Economics, 2014, 107, pp. 277-290
Abstract: This paper examines the effect of automatic grade promotion on academic achievement in 1993 public primary schools in Brazil. A difference-in-differences approach that exploits variation over time and across schools in the grade promotion regime allows the identification of the treatment effect of automatic promotion. I find a negative and significant effect of about 7% of a standard deviation on math test scores. I provide evidence in support of the interpretation of the estimates as a disincentive effect of automatic promotion. The findings contribute to the understanding of retention policies by focussing on the ex-ante effect of repetition and are important for more complete cost-benefit considerations of grade retention. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2013.12.007
ISSN: 0304-3878
Embargo on file until: 30-Dec-2016
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 36-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available in the links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Economics

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