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Title: A late Pleistocene-Holocene multi-proxy record of palaeoenvironmental change from Still Bay, southern Cape coast, South Africa
Authors: Quick, L. J.
Carr, Andrew S.
Meadows, M. E.
Boom, Arnoud
Bateman, M. D.
Roberts, D. L.
Reimer, P. J.
Chase, B. M.
First Published: 11-Dec-2015
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Journal of Quaternary Science, 2015, 30(8), pp. 870–885
Abstract: The southern Cape is a key focus for southern Africa palaeoenvironmental research as it represents the transitional region between temperate westerlies and sub-tropical rainfall sources. This study presents pollen, plant biomarker, geochemical and charcoal data preserved in the Rietvlei wetland. The bulk of the record spans the last 16 kyr, but it also provides rare insights into late MIS 3 (c. 35-30k cal a BP). The data suggest that during the Pleistocene the development and permanence of this wetland was likely influenced by sea-level change via control on the local water table; notably lower sea levels within MIS 2 resulted in very limited wetland productivity. The MIS 3 section provides evidence both supporting previous suggestions of relatively humid conditions, but also some indication of periodic arid phases. The Holocene record suggests clear contrasts between the early (11-7k cal a BP – relatively humid), mid-Holocene (7-3.3k cal a BP; more arid, less productive wetland conditions) and latest Holocene (last 2k cal a BP resurgence in both fynbos and aquatic/riparian pollen). While isolating the roles of winter/summer rainfall remains challenging, these data clarify the nature of change during key episodes in the regional palaeoenvironmental record.
DOI Link: 10.1002/jqs.2825
ISSN: 0267-8179
eISSN: 1099-1417
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Quick, L. J., Carr, A. S., Meadows, M. E., Boom, A., Bateman, M. D., Roberts, D. L., Reimer, P. J. and Chase, B. M. (2015), A late Pleistocene–Holocene multi-proxy record of palaeoenvironmental change from Still Bay, southern Cape Coast, South Africa. J. Quaternary Sci., 30: 870–885, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 12-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Geography

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