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Title: H I study of the environment around ESO 243-49, the host galaxy of an intermediate-mass black hole
Authors: Musaeva, A.
Koribalski, B. S.
Farrell, S. A.
Sadler, E. M.
Servillat, M.
Jurek, R.
Lenc, E.
Starling, R. L. C.
Webb, N. A.
Godet, O.
Combes, F.
Barret, D.
First Published: 5-Jan-2015
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , 2015, 447 (2), pp. 1951-1961 (11)
Abstract: The lenticular galaxy ESO 243−49 hosts the ultraluminous X-ray source HLX-1, the best candidate intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH) currently known. The environments of IMBHs remain unknown, however, the proposed candidates include the nuclei of dwarf galaxies or globular clusters. Evidence at optical wavelengths points at HLX-1 being the remnant of an accreted dwarf galaxy. Here we report the Australia Telescope Compact Array radio observations of H i emission in and around ESO 243−49 searching for signatures of a recent merger event. No H i line emission is detected in ESO 243−49 with a 5σ upper limit on the H i gas mass of a few 10[Superscript: 8]  M[Subscript: ⊙] . A likely reason for this non-detection is the cluster environment depleting ESO 243−49's H i gas reservoir. The upper limit is consistent with an interpretation of HLX-1 as a dwarf satellite of ESO 243−49, however, more sensitive observations are required for a detection. We detect ∼5× 1010[Superscript: 8]  M[Subscript: ⊙] of H i gas in the peculiar spiral galaxy AM 0108−462, located at a projected distance of ∼170 kpc from ESO 243−49. This amount of H i gas is ∼10 times less than in spiral galaxies with similar optical and near-infrared properties in the field, strengthening the conclusion that the cluster environment indeed depletes the H i gas reservoir of these two galaxies. Here we also report observations of AM 0108−462 in several optical and near-infrared bands using the Magellan 6.5-m telescopes, and archival X-ray and ultraviolet observations with XMM–Newton and Swift. These data combined with the H i line data suggest it is likely that AM 0108−462 is experiencing a merger event.
DOI Link: 10.1093/mnras/stu2606
ISSN: 0035-8711
eISSN: 1365-2966
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2015the authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Deposited with reference to the publisher’s archiving policy available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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