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Title: The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey - I. Sample Selection and Redshift Distribution
Authors: Perley, D. A.
Krühler, T.
Schulze, S.
Postigo, A. D. U.
Hjorth, J.
Berger, E.
Cenko, S. B.
Chary, R.
Cucchiara, A.
Ellis, R.
Fong, W.
Fynbo, J. P. U.
Gorosabel, J.
Greiner, J.
Jakobsson, P.
Kim, S.
Laskar, T.
Levan, A. J.
Michałowski, M. J.
Milvang-Jensen, B.
Tanvir, Nial R.
Thöne, C. C.
Wiersema, K.
First Published: 19-Jan-2016
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal , 2016, 817(1), p. 7
Abstract: We introduce the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Host Galaxy Legacy Survey ("SHOALS"), a multi-observatory high-redshift galaxy survey targeting the largest unbiased sample of long-duration gamma-ray burst hosts yet assembled (119 in total). We describe the motivations of the survey and the development of our selection criteria, including an assessment of the impact of various observability metrics on the success rate of afterglow-based redshift measurement. We briefly outline our host-galaxy observational program, consisting of deep Spitzer/IRAC imaging of every field supplemented by similarly-deep, multi-color optical/NIR photometry, plus spectroscopy of events without pre-existing redshifts. Our optimized selection cuts combined with host-galaxy follow-up have so far enabled redshift measurements for 110 targets (92%) and placed upper limits on all but one of the remainder. About 20% of GRBs in the sample are heavily dust-obscured, and at most 2% originate from z>5.5. Using this sample we estimate the redshift-dependent GRB rate density, showing it to peak at z~2.5 and fall by about an order of magnitude towards low (z=0) redshift, while declining more gradually towards high (z~7) redshift. This behavior is consistent with a progenitor whose formation efficiency varies modestly over cosmic history. Our survey will permit the most detailed examination to date of the connection between the GRB host population and general star-forming galaxies, directly measure evolution in the host population over cosmic time and discern its causes, and provide new constraints on the fraction of cosmic star-formation occurring in undetectable galaxies at all redshifts.
DOI Link: 10.3847/0004-637X/817/1/7
ISSN: 0004-637X
eISSN: 1538-4357
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2016 AAS. All rights reserved.Deposited with reference to the publisher’s open access archiving policy, available at
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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