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|Title:||Biomechanically inspired modeling of pedestrian-induced vertical self-excited forces|
Macdonald, J. H. G.
Burm, J. F.
|Publisher:||American Society of Civil Engineers|
|Citation:||Journal of Bridge Engineering, 2013, 18, 1336–1346.|
|Abstract:||Although many models of pedestrian dynamic loading have been proposed, possible bidirectional interactions between the walker and the excited structure are generally ignored, particularly for vertical vibrations. This shortcoming has arisen from scarcity of data on gait-adaptation strategies used in the presence of structural motion and, as a consequence, the absence of a credible fundamental pedestrian model capable of capturing the underlying relations between the two dynamic systems. To address this inadequacy of current approaches, a biomechanically inspired inverted-pendulum pedestrian model has been applied to the human-structure interaction problem. The behavior of the model is studied when subjected to vertical motion of the supporting structure, in particular, in relation to potential self-excited forces that can be generated. A mechanism has been identified by which the timing of pedestrian footsteps can be altered subtly, giving a net damping effect on the structure, without necessarily involving full synchronization. It has been found that depending on the ratio between the bridge vibration frequency and pedestrian pacing frequency, walkers can effectively act as positive or negative dampers to the structural motion, but it is expected that for a group of pedestrians with distributed parameters, their action is, on average, to add damping and mass. Read More: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/(ASCE)BE.1943-5592.0000490|
|Embargo on file until:||1-Jan-10000|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.|
|Description:||The file associated with this record is under a permanent embargo in accordance with the publisher's policy on archiving final published versions, available on the SHERPA/RoMEO website. It is not available to read.|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles, Dept. of Engineering|
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