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Title: Four-membered metallacyclic complexes of platinum, palladium and nickel.
Authors: Henderson, William Chemist.
Award date: 1987
Presented at: University of Leicester
Abstract: Chapter 1 reviews the literature concerning the principal synthetic routes to metallacyclobutane, metallacyclobutan-3-one (?3-oxodimethyl-enonethane), and four-membered cyclic ylide complexes of platinum, palladium, and nickel, which contain the M-C-X-C ring system (X=C,S, or P). The preparation and characterisation of the first examples of metallathietane-3, 3-dioxide complexes of platinum, palladium, and nickel, [M{lcub}CHRS (O) 2CHR{rcub}L2], are presented in Chapter 2. The molecular structures of three of these complexes establish the presence of puckered four-membered rings, together with the presence of a hetero-allylic contribution to the bonding. Preliminary investigations into the reactivity of these metallathietane- 3, 3-dioxide complexes are detailed in Chapter 3. Ligand substitution reactions of the complex [Pt{lcub}CHPhS(O)2CHPh{rcub}(SEt2)2] afford a range of platinathietane-3,3-dioxide complexes. A study of the reactions of platinathietane-3,3-dioxide complexes with alkyl isocyanides shows that phenyl substituted complexes undergo ligand substitution, whereas benzoyl or methoxycarbonyl substituted complexes undergo a ring insertion reaction to afford the zwitterionic complexes [Pt{lcub}CH(C0R)S(O)2C(COR)C:- NHR'{rcub}(CNR')(L) ]. Chapter 4 describes the synthesis of platinathietane-3-oxide complexes, crystallographic and n.m.r. data indicating the presence of puckered and non-fluxional four-membered ring systems, with the sulphinyl oxygen in an equatorial environment. The sulphoxide and equatorial benzoyl groups of the complex [Pt{lcub}CH(COPh)S (O)CH(COPh){rcub} (PPh3)2] co-ordinate to palladium (II) or rhodium (I) centres to afford five-membered chelate ring products. The final Chapter describes the synthesis of diphenyl-substituted oxo- dimethylenemethane (metallacyclobutan-3-one) complexes of platinum and palladium using the dianion K2[PhCHC(O)CHPh]. The molecular structure of the complex [Pt{lcub}?3-CHPhC(O)CHPh{rcub} (AsPh3)2] establishes the presence of an n3-oxodimethylenemethane ligand. The fluxional behaviour of these diphenyl oxodimethylenemethane complexes is shown to be dependent on the mode of substitution of the phenyl rings on the oxodimethylene methane ligand, with cis-diequatorial complexes being rigid in solution, and the trans-disubstituted complex trans- [Pt{lcub}?3 -CHPhC (O) CHPh{rcub} (PPh3)2] being fluxional.
Type: Thesis
Level: Doctoral
Qualification: Ph.D.
Rights: Copyright © the author. All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:Theses, Dept. of Chemistry
Leicester Theses

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