Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||The mathematical modelling of ball-joints with friction.|
|Authors:||Sage, R. M.|
|Presented at:||University of Leicester|
|Abstract:||At present the effects of friction are not included in three-dimensional mechanism simulation packages because of the difficulty of determining a friction model for joints such as the spherical joint where the frictional resistance to motion depends not only upon the coefficient of friction and the magnitude of the loading on the joint but also on the pressure distribution within the joint resulting from that loading. Thus the basis of this thesis has been the development of a mathematical model of the effects of friction in a spherical joint which could then be incorporated into a mechanisms simulation program. The model developed has shown that the main factors determining the magnitudes and directions of the frictional effects produced in a spherical joint, apart from the coefficient of friction and the magnitude of the loading, are the extent of the contact area between the ball and the socket and the magnitude of the angle between the axis of rotation of the joint and the direction of the applied load. Experimental results were obtained using apparatus that enabled the frictional moment produced on the socket of a joint to be measured while allowing the angle between the axis of rotation of the ball and the direction of the applied load to be varied between measurements. These results, obtained for a range of values of the coefficient of friction, confirm that this angle is a significant factor in the model and that the model usefully determines the frictional effects produced in a spherical joint.|
|Rights:||Copyright © the author. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses, Dept. of Engineering|
Items in LRA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.