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|Title:||Education, sport and militarism: Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany.|
|Authors:||Wright, E. A.|
|Presented at:||University of Leicester|
|Abstract:||The rationale maintains that education is a process of political socialisation. The modern state depends upon nationalistic sentiments, and enough military-econcmic expertise to defend and aggrandise itself. To this extent, modern nationalism and its attendant military imperatives, are products of modern systems of education. Within the curriculum, the most effective area in this process is "physical culture", which includes physical activities in the school system, youth movements, industry, armed forces and society as a whole. Moreover, this area includes activities ranging from simple physical activities, events, displays and demonstrations, highly structured sporting activities, paramilitary training and productive labour. It is maintained that the intrinsically hierarchical, affective and anti-rational nature of physical culture, demands and imposes the enthusiasm, skills and disciplines, necessary for the propagation of a militant ideology, and the state which is its medium. The conjunction of sport and warfare is then explored, on a historical continuum, with examples being cited from various authorities. Moreover, the thesis is extended to include the concept of economic warfare, which is a product of the technology, necessary for the continuance of modern nation-states, which tend to obviate the dichotomy between soldier and worker. Using Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, the thesis is explicated, with the following chapter headings for each society:;- Historical and Ideological Overview.;- The School System.;- The Youth Movements.;- Industry and Society.;- Conclusion.;Finally, some comparisons and contrasts are attempted, and in a Postcript, the thesis is extended to the present day. Certain trends in the development of technological systems, and systems of physical culture, are outlined.|
|Rights:||Copyright © the author. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses, School of Education|
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