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Title: Sedentary Sphere: Wrist-Worn Accelerometer-Brand Independent Posture Classification
Authors: Rowlands, Alexander Viktor
Yates, Thomas
Olds, T. S.
Davies, Melanie
Khunti, Kamlesh
Edwardson, Charlotte L.
First Published: 10-Nov-2015
Publisher: American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)
Citation: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, April 2016 - Volume 48 - Issue 4 - p 748–754
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Access to raw acceleration data should facilitate comparisons between accelerometer outputs regardless of monitor brand. PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of posture classification using the Sedentary Sphere in data from two widely-used wrist-worn triaxial accelerometers. METHODS: Laboratory: 34 adults wore a GENEActiv and an ActiGraph GT3X+ on their non-dominant wrist while performing four lying, seven sitting and five upright activities. Free-living: The same participants wore both accelerometers on their non-dominant wrist and an activPAL3 on their right thigh during waking hours for two days. RESULTS: Laboratory: Using the Sedentary Sphere with 15-s epoch GENEActiv data, sedentary and upright postures were correctly identified 74% and 91% of the time, respectively. Corresponding values for the ActiGraph data were 75% and 90%. Free-living: Total sedentary time was estimated at 534±144 min, 523±143 min and 528±137 min by the activPAL, the Sedentary Sphere with GENEActiv data and with ActiGraph data, respectively. The mean bias, relative to the activPAL, was small with moderate limits of agreement (LoA) for both the GENEActiv (mean bias = -12.5 min, LoA = -117 to 92 min) and ActiGraph (mean bias = -8 min, LoA = -103 to 88 min). Strong intra-class correlations (ICC) were evident for the activPAL with the GENEActiv (0.93, 0.84-0.97 (95% confidence interval) and the ActiGraph (0.94, 0.86-0.97). Agreement between the GENEActiv and ActiGraph posture classifications was very high (ICC = 0.98 (0.94-0.99), mean bias = +3 min, LoA = -58 to 63 min). CONCLUSION: These data support the efficacy of the Sedentary Sphere for classification of posture from a wrist-worn accelerometer in adults. Importantly, the approach is equally valid with data from both the GENEActiv and ActiGraph accelerometers.
DOI Link: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000813
ISSN: 0195-9131
eISSN: 1530-0315
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2015, ACSM. This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2015 (Published ahead of print)
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 12-month embargo from final publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Cardiovascular Sciences

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