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Title: The Effect of Violence on Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil
Authors: Foureaux Koppensteiner, M.
Manacorda, M.
First Published: 28-Nov-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Development Economics, 2016, 119, pp. 16-33
Abstract: This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics on births and deaths between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence – measured by homicide rates – on birth outcomes. The estimates show that exposure to violence during the first trimester of pregnancy leads to a small but precisely estimated increase in the risk of low birthweight and prematurity. Effects are found both in small municipalities, where homicides are rare, and in large municipalities, where violence is endemic, and are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households' lower socioeconomic status.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.11.003
ISSN: 0304-3878
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2015, Elsevier. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available after the end of the embargo period under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Description: This paper is accepted subject to minor revisions. The file associated with this record is under a 36-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Economics

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