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Title: Structure and magnetism in Cr-embedded Co nanoparticles
Authors: Baker, Stephen Henry
Kurt, M. S.
Roy, M.
Lees, M. R.
Binns, C.
First Published: 7-Jan-2016
Citation: Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter, 2016, 28(4), 046003
Abstract: We present the results of an investigation into the atomic structure and magnetism of 2 nm diameter Co nanoparticles embedded in an antiferromagnetic Cr matrix. The nanocomposite films used in this study were prepared by co-deposition directly from the gas phase, using a gas aggregation source for the Co nanoparticles and a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) source for the Cr matrix material. Co K and Cr K edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments were performed in order to investigate atomic structure in the embedded nanoparticles and matrix respectively, while magnetism was investigated by means of a vibrating sample magnetometer. The atomic structure type of the Co nanoparticles is the same as that of the Cr matrix (bcc) although with a degree of disorder. The net Co moment per atom in the Co/Cr nanocomposite films is significantly reduced from the value for bulk Co, and decreases as the proportion of Co nanoparticles in the film is decreased; for the sample with the most dilute concentration of Co nanoparticles (4.9% by volume), the net Co moment was 0.25 μ B/atom. After field cooling to below 30 K all samples showed an exchange bias, which was largest for the most dilute sample. Both the structural and magnetic results point towards a degree of alloying at the nanoparticle/matrix interface, leading to a core/shell structure in the embedded nanoparticles consisting of an antiferromagnetic CoCr alloy shell surrounding a reduced ferromagnetic Co core.
DOI Link: 10.1088/0953-8984/28/4/046003
ISSN: 0953-8984
eISSN: 1361-648X
Version: Post-print
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © IOP Publishing Limited, 2016. All rights reserved.
Description: The file associated with this record is under a 12-month embargo from publication in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy, available at The full text may be available through the publisher links provided above.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

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