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Title: Dimethyl-Aluminium Complexes Bearing Naphthyl-Substituted Pyridine-Alkylamides as Pro-Initiators for the Efficient ROP of epsilon-Caprolactone
Authors: Armitage, Andrew P.
Boyron, O.
Champouret, Yohan D. M.
Patel, Mehzabin
Singh, Kuldip
Solan, Gregory Adam
First Published: 11-Aug-2015
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: CATALYSTS, 2015, 5 (3), pp. 1425-1444 (20)
Abstract: Three sterically-enhanced 2-imino-6-(1-naphthyl)pyridines, 2-{CMe=N(Ar)}-6-(1-C10H7)C5H3N [Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (L1dipp), 2,4,6-i-Pr3C6H2 (L1tripp), 4-Br-2,6-i-Pr2C6H2 (L1Brdipp)], differing only in the electronic properties of the N-aryl group, have been prepared in high yield by the condensation reaction of 2-{CMe=O}-6-(1-C10H7)C5H3N with the corresponding aniline. Treatment of L1dipp, L1tripp and L1Brdipp with two equivalents of AlMe3 at elevated temperature affords the distorted tetrahedral 2-(amido-prop-2-yl)-6-(1-naphthyl)pyridine aluminum dimethyl complexes, [2-{CMe2N(Ar)}-6-(1-C10H7)C5H3N]AlMe2 [Ar = 2,6-i-Pr2C6H3 (1a), 2,4,6-i-Pr3C6H2 (1b), 4-Br-2,6-i-Pr2C6H2 (1c)], in good yield. The X-ray structures of 1a–1c reveal that complexation has resulted in concomitant C–C bond formation via methyl migration from aluminum to the corresponding imino carbon in L1aryl; in solution, the restricted rotation of the pendant naphthyl group in 1 confers inequivalent methyl ligand environments. The ring opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone employing 1, in the presence of benzyl alcohol, proceeded efficiently at 30 °C producing polymers of narrow molecular weight distribution with the catalytic activities dependent on the nature of the substituent located at the 4-position of the N-aryl group with the most electron donating i-Pr derivative exhibiting the highest activity (1b > 1a > 1c); at 50 °C 1b mediates 100% conversion of the monomer to polycaprolactone (poly(CL)) in one hour. In addition to 1a, 1b and 1c, the single crystal X-ray structures are reported for L1dipp and L1tripp.
DOI Link: 10.3390/catal5031425
ISSN: 2073-4344
Version: Publisher Version
Status: Peer-reviewed
Type: Journal Article
Rights: Copyright © 2015, the Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Appears in Collections:Published Articles, Dept. of Chemistry

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